History Nobel Winners: Peace

Discussion in 'History' started by JcMinJapan, Oct 8, 2004.

  1. JcMinJapan

    JcMinJapan Premium Member

    2003
    SHIRIN EBADI for her efforts for democracy and human rights

    2002
    JIMMY CARTER JR., former President of the United States of America, for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development

    2001
    UNITED NATIONS, New York, NY, USA
    KOFI ANNAN, United Nations Secretary General

    2000
    KIM DAE JUNG for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular.

    1999
    DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS (MÉDECINS SANS FRONTIÈRES), Brussels, Belgium.

    1998
    JOHN HUME and DAVID TRIMBLE for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland.

    1997
    INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGN TO BAN LANDMINES (ICBL) and JODY WILLIAMS for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.

    1996
    CARLOS FELIPE XIMENES BELO and JOSE RAMOS-HORTA for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor.

    1995
    JOSEPH ROTBLAT and to the PUGWASH CONFERENCES ON SCIENCE AND WORLD AFFAIRS for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and in the longer run to eliminate such arms.

    1994
    YASSER ARAFAT , Chairman of the Executive Committee of the PLO, President of the Palestinian National Authority.
    SHIMON PERES , Foreign Minister of Israel.
    YITZHAK RABIN , Prime Minister of Israel.
    for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East.

    1993
    NELSON MANDELA Leader of the ANC.
    FREDRIK WILLEM DE KLERK President of the Republic of South Africa.

    1992
    RIGOBERTA MENCHU TUM, Guatemala. Campaigner for human rights, especially for indigenous peoples.

    1991
    AUNG SAN SUU KYI, Burma. Oppositional leader, human rights advocate.

    1990
    MIKHAIL SERGEYEVICH GORBACHEV , President of the USSR, helped to bring the Cold War to an end.

    1989
    THE 14TH DALAI LAMA (TENZIN GYATSO) , Tibet. Religious and political leader of the Tibetan people.

    1988
    THE UNITED NATIONS PEACE-KEEPING FORCES New York, NY, U.S.A.

    1987
    OSCAR ARIAS SANCHEZ , Costa Rica, President of Costa Rica, initiator of peace negotiations in Central America.

    1986
    ELIE WIESEL , U.S.A., Chairman of 'The President's Commission on the Holocaust'. Author, humanitarian.

    1985
    INTERNATIONAL PHYSICIANS FOR THE PREVENTION OF NUCLEAR WAR Boston, MA, U.S.A.

    1984
    DESMOND MPILO TUTU , South Africa, Bishop of Johannesburg, former Secretary General South African Council of Churches (S.A.C.C.). for his work against apartheid.

    1983
    LECH WALESA , Poland. Founder of Solidarity, campaigner for human rights.

    1982
    ALVA MYRDAL , former Cabinet Minister, diplomat, delegate to United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament, writer.

    ALFONSO GARCヘA ROBLES , diplomat, delegate to the United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament, former Secretary for Foreign Affairs .

    1981
    OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES Geneva, Switzerland.

    1980
    ADOLFO PEREZ ESQUIVEL , Argentina, architect, sculptor and human rights leader.

    1979
    MOTHER TERESA , India, Leader of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity.

    1978
    MOHAMED ANWAR AL-SADAT , President of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

    MENACHEM BEGIN , Prime Minister of Israel for jointly negotiating peace between Egypt and Israel.

    1977
    AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL London, Great Britain. A worldwide organization for the protection of the rights of prisoners of conscience.

    1976
    BETTY WILLIAMS and MAIREAD CORRIGAN Founders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People).

    1975
    ANDREI DMITRIEVICH SAKHAROV , Soviet nuclear physicist. Campaigner for human rights.

    1974
    SEチN MAC BRIDE , President of the International Peace Bureau, Geneva, and the Commission of Namibia, United Nations, New York.

    EISAKU SATO , Prime Minister of Japan.

    1973
    HENRY A. KISSINGER , Secretary of State, State Department, Washington.

    LE DUC THO , Democratic Republic of Viet Nam. (Declined the prize.) for jointly negotiating the Vietnam peace accord in 1973.

    1972
    The prize money for 1972 was allocated to the Main Fund.

    1971
    #@!&% BRANDT , Federal Republic of Germany, Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, initiator of West Germany's Ostpolitik, embodying a new attitude towards Eastern Europe and East Germany.

    1970
    NORMAN BORLAUG , Led research at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico City.

    1969
    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (I.L.O.) Geneva.

    1968
    RENノ CASSIN , President of the European Court for Human Rights .

    1967-1966
    The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.

    1965
    UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF) New York, founded by U.N. in 1946. An international aid organization.

    1964
    MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. , leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, campaigner for civil rights.

    1963
    COMITノ INTERNATIONAL DE LA CROIX-ROUGE (INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE REDCROSS) Geneva, founded 1863.

    LIGUE DES SOCIノTノS DE LA CROIX-ROUGE (LEAGUE OF RED CROSS SOCIETIES) Geneva.

    1962
    LINUS CARL PAULING , California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA. Campaigner especially for an end to nuclear weapons tests.

    1961
    DAG HJALMAR AGNE CARL HAMMARSKJヨLD , Secretary General of the United Nations (awarded the Prize posthumously).

    1960
    ALBERT JOHN LUTULI , President of the South Africal liberation movement, the African National Congress.

    1959
    PHILIP J. NOEL-BAKER , Great Britain, Member of Parliament, life long ardent worker for international peace and co-operation .

    1958
    GEORGES HENRI PIRE , Belgium, Father of the Dominican Order, Leader of the relief organization for refugees, l'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde.

    1957
    LESTER BOWLES PEARSON , former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada, President 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly .

    1956-1955
    The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.

    1954
    OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES Geneva, an international relief organization, founded by U.N. in 1951.

    1953
    GEORGE CATLETT MARSHALL , General, President American Red Cross, ex-Secretary of State and of Defense, Delegate to the U.N., Originator of the Marshall Plan.

    1952
    ALBERT SCHWEITZER , Missionary surgeon, Founder Lambar駭・Hospital in R駱ublique du Gabon.

    1951
    LノON JOUHAUX , France, President of the trade union C.G.T. Force Ouvri鑽e. President of the International Committee of the European Council, Vice President of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Vice President of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the UN.

    1950
    RALPH BUNCHE , Professor Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, Director of the UN Division of Trusteeship, Acting Mediator in Palestine 1948.

    1949
    LORD JOHN BOYD ORR OF BRECHIN , Physician, Alimentary Politician, prominent organizer and Director General Food and Agricultural Organization, President National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations.

    1948
    The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.

    1947
    THE FRIENDS SERVICE COUNCIL (The Quakers), London. Founded in 1647.

    THE AMERICAN FRIENDS SERVICE COMMITTEE (The Quakers), Washington. The society's first official meeting was held in 1672.

    1946
    EMILY GREENE BALCH, former Professor of History and Sociology, Honorary International President Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

    JOHN RALEIGH MOTT Chairman of the first International Missionary Council, President of the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations .

    1945
    CORDELL HULL Former Secretary of State. One of the initiators of the United Nations.

    1944
    COMITノ INTERNATIONAL DE LA CROIX-ROUGE (INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS)

    1943-1939
    The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.

    1938
    OFFICE INTERNATIONAL NANSEN POUR LES RノFUGIノS (NANSEN INTERNATIONAL OFFICE FOR REFUGEES) an international relief organization in Geneva started by Fridtjof Nansen in 1921.

    1937
    CECIL OF CHELWOOD, VISCOUNT, (LORD EDGAR ALGERNON ROBERT GASCOYNE CECIL) , Writer, Former Lord Privy Seal. Founder and President of the International Peace Campaign.

    1936
    CARLOS SAAVEDRA LAMAS Foreign Minister. President of the Soci騁・des Nations (League of Nations), Meditator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia in 1935.

    1935
    CARL VON OSSIETZKY Journalist (with Die Weltb・ne, among others), pacifist.

    1934
    ARTHUR HENDERSON Former Foreign Secretary. Chairman of the League of Nations Disarmament Conference 1932-1934.

    1933
    SIR NORMAN ANGELL (RALPH LANE) Writer. Member of the Commission Ex馗utive de la Soci騁・des Nations (Executive Committee of the League of Nations) and the National Peace Council. Author of the book The Great Illusion, among others.

    1932
    The prize money for 1932 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

    1931
    JANE ADDAMS Sociologist. International President of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

    NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER President of Columbia University. Promoter of the Briand-Kellogg Pact.

    1930
    LARS OLOF NATHAN (JONATHAN) SヨDERBLOM Archbishop. Leader of the ecumenical movement.

    1929
    FRANK BILLINGS KELLOGG Former Secretary of State, Negotiated the Briand-Kellogg Pact.

    1928
    The prize money for 1928 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

    1927
    FERDINAND BUISSON Former Professor at the Sorbonne University, Paris. Founder and President of the Ligue des Droits de l'Homme (League for Human Rights).

    LUDWIG QUIDDE Historian. Professor at Berlin University. Member of Germany's constituent assembly 1919. Delegate to numerous peace conferences.

    1926
    The prize was awarded jointly to:

    ARISTIDE BRIAND Foreign Minister. Negotiator of the Locarno Treaty and the Briand-Kellogg Pact.

    GUSTAV STRESEMANN Former Lord High Chancellor (Reichs-kanzler). Foreign Minister. Negotiator of the Locarno Treaty.

    1925
    SIR AUSTEN CHAMBERLAIN Foreign Minister. Negotiator of the Locarno Treaty.

    CHARLES GATES DAWES Vice-President of the United States of America. Chairman of the Allied Reparation Commission. Originator of the Dawes Plan .

    1924-1923
    The prize money for 1924-1923 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

    1922
    FRIDTJOF NANSEN , Norway. Scientist. Explorer. Norwegian Delegate to Soci騁・des Nations (League of Nations). Originator of the Nansen passports (for refugees).

    1921
    KARL HJALMAR BRANTING Prime Minister. Swedish Delegate to the Conseil de la Soci騁・des Nations (Council of the League of Nations).

    CHRISTIAN LOUS LANGE Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Brussels.

    1920
    LノON VICTOR AUGUSTE BOURGEOIS, France. Former Secretary of State. President of the Parliament (S駭at). President of the Conseil de la Soci騁・des Nations (Council of the League of Nations) .

    1919
    THOMAS WOODROW WILSON, President of the United States of America. Founder of the Soci騁・des Nations (League of Nations)

    1918
    The prize money for 1918 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

    1917
    COMITノ INTERNATIONAL DE LA CROIX ROUGE (INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE REDCROSS) , Geneva.

    1916-1914
    The prize money for 1916-1914 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

    1913
    HENRI LA FONTAINE, Belgium. Member of the Belgian Parliament (S駭ateur). President of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne.

    1912
    ELIHU ROOT Former Secretary of State. Initiator of several arbitration agreements.

    1911
    TOBIAS MICHAEL CAREL ASSER, the Netherlands. Cabinet Minister. Member of the Privy Council. Initiator of the International Conferences of Private Law at the Hague.

    ALFRED HERMANN FRIED, Austria. Journalist. Founder of the peace journal Die Waffen Nieder (later renamed Die Friedenswarte).

    1910
    BUREAU INTERNATIONAL PERMANENT DE LA PAIX (PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL PEACE BUREAU) , Bern.

    1909
    AUGUSTE MARIE FRANヌOIS BEERNAERT, Belgium. Former Prime Minister. Member of the Belgian Parliament. Member of the Cour Internationale d'Arbitrage (International Court of Arbitration) at the Hague.

    PAUL HENRIBENJAMIN BALLUET D'ESTOURNELLES DE CONSTANT, BARON DE CONSTANT DE REBECQUE, France. Member of the French Parliament (S駭ateur). Founder and President of the French parliamentary group for international arbitration (Groupe parlementaire de l'arbitrage international). Founder of the Comit・de d馭ense des int駻黎snationaux et de conciliation internationale (Committee for the Defense of National Interests and International Conciliation).

    1908
    KLAS PONTUS ARNOLDSON, Sweden. Writer. Former Member fo the Swedish Parliament. Founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League.

    FREDRIK BAJER, Denmark. Member of the Danish Parliament. Honorary President of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne.

    1907
    ERNESTO TEODORO MONETA, Italy. President of the Lombard League of Peace.

    LOUIS RENAULT, France. Professor International Law, Sorbonne University, Paris.

    1906
    THEODORE ROOSEVELT, USA. President of the United States of America. Drew up the 1905 peace treaty between Russia and Japan.

    1905
    BARONESS BERTHA SOPHIE FELICITA VON SUTTNER n馥 COUNTESS KINSKY von CHINIC und TETTAU, Austria. Writer. Hon. President of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne. Author of Die Waffen Nieder (Lay Down Your Arms).

    1904
    INSTITUT DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL (INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW) , Gent, Belgium. A scientific society.

    1903
    SIR WILLIAM RANDAL CREMER, Great Britain. Member of the British Parliament. Secretary of the International Arbitration League .

    1902
    ÉLIE DUCOMMUN, Switzerland. Honorary Secretary of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne.

    CHARLES ALBERT GOBAT, Switzerland. Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Berne. Honorary Secretary of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne.

    1901
    JEAN HENRI DUNANT, Switzerland. Founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva; Initiator of the Geneva Convention (Convention de Gen钁e).

    FRÉDÉRIC PASSY, France. Founder and President of the first French peace society (since 1889 it has been called the Société Francaise pour l'arbitrage entre nations).
     
  2. junior_smith

    junior_smith Premium Member

    all this from the inventor of TNT, the irnony of it all lol
     
  3. JcMinJapan

    JcMinJapan Premium Member

    2004 - WANGARI MAATHAI for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace