History Internet History

Discussion in 'History' started by JcMinJapan, Jan 13, 2005.

  1. JcMinJapan

    JcMinJapan Premium Member

    I came across this today. It is hard to believe that this was only in 1993 that this site was made. What leapes and bounds we have gone in terms of Websites!

    Anyone else find other first nostalgic websites?

    Talk about amateur by todays standards, but very wonderful at that time!

  2. JcMinJapan

    JcMinJapan Premium Member

    This was taken from http://www.davesite.com/webstation/net-history.shtml. Wonderful information

    The USSR launches Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite. In response,the United States forms the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) within theDepartment of Defense (DoD) to establish US lead in science and technology applicable to the military.
    Backbones: None - Hosts: None

    RAND Paul Baran, of the RAND Corporation (a government agency), was commissioned by the U.S. Air Force to do a study on how it could maintain its command and control over its missiles and bombers, after a nuclear attack. This was to be a military research network that could survive a nuclear strike, decentralized so that if any locations (cities) in the U.S. were attacked, the military could still have control of nuclear arms for a counter-attack.

    Baran's finished document described several ways to accomplish this. His final proposal was a packet switched network.

    "Packet switching is the breaking down of data into datagrams or packets that are labeled to indicate the origin and the destination of the information and the forwarding of these packets from one computer to another computer until the information arrives at its final destination computer. This was crucial to the realization of a computer network. If packets are lost at any given point, the message can be resent by the originator."
    Backbones: None - Hosts: None

    ARPA awarded the ARPANET contract to BBN. BBN had selected a Honeywell minicomputer as the base on which they would build the switch. The physical network was constructed in 1969, linking four nodes: University of California at Los Angeles, SRI (in Stanford), University of California at Santa Barbara, and University of Utah. The network was wired together via 50 Kbps circuits.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET - Hosts: 4

    The first e-mail program was created by Ray Tomlinson of BBN.

    The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) was renamed The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (or DARPA)

    ARPANET was currently using the Network Control Protocol or NCP to transfer data. This allowed communications between hosts running on the same network.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET - Hosts: 23

    Development began on the protocol later to be called TCP/IP, it was developed by a group headed by Vinton Cerf from Stanford and Bob Kahn from DARPA. This new protocol was to allow diverse computer networks to interconnect and communicate with each other.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET - Hosts: 23+

    First Use of term Internet by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn in paper on Transmission Control Protocol.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET - Hosts: 23+

    Dr. Robert M. Metcalfe develops Ethernet, which allowed coaxial cable to move data extremely fast. This was a crucial component to the development of LANs.

    The packet satellite project went into practical use. SATNET, Atlantic packet Satellite network, was born. This network linked the United States with Europe.Surprisingly, it used INTELSAT satellites that were owned by a consortium of countries and not exclusively the United States government.

    UUCP (Unix-to-Unix CoPy) developed at AT&T Bell Labs and distributed with UNIX one year later.

    The Department of Defense began to experiment with the TCP/IP protocol and soon decided to require it for use on ARPANET.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 111+

    USENET (the decentralized news group network) was created by Steve Bellovin, a graduate student at University of North Carolina, and programmers Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis. It was based on UUCP.

    The Creation of BITNET, by IBM, "Because its Time Network", introduced the "store and forward" network. It was used for email and listservs.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 111+

    National Science Foundation created backbone called CSNET 56 Kbps network for institutions without access to ARPANET. Vinton Cerf proposed a plan for an inter-network connection between CSNET and the ARPANET.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, 56Kbps CSNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 213

    Internet Activities Board (IAB) was created in 1983.

    On January 1st, every machine connected to ARPANET had to use TCP/IP. TCP/IP became the core Internet protocol and replaced NCP entirely.

    The University of Wisconsin created Domain Name System (DNS). This allowed packets to be directed to a domain name, which would be translated by the server database into the corresponding IP number. This made it much easier for people to access other servers, because they no longer had to remember numbers.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, 56Kbps CSNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 562

    The ARPANET was divided into two networks: MILNET and ARPANET. MILNET was to serve the needs of the military and ARPANET to support the advanced research component, Department of Defense continued to support both networks.

    Upgrade to CSNET was contracted to MCI. New circuits would be T1 lines,1.5 Mbps which is twenty-five times faster than the old 56 Kbps lines. IBM would provide advanced routers and Merit would manage the network. New network was to be called NSFNET (National Science Foundation Network), and old lines were to remain called CSNET.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, 56Kbps CSNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 1024

    The National Science Foundation began deploying its new T1 lines, which would be finished by 1988.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, 56Kbps CSNET, 1.544Mbps (T1) NSFNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 1961

    The Internet Engineering Task Force or IETF was created to serve as a forum for technical coordination by contractors for DARPA working on ARPANET, US Defense Data Network (DDN), and the Internet core gateway system.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, 56Kbps CSNET, 1.544Mbps (T1) NSFNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 2308

    BITNET and CSNET merged to form the Corporation for Research and Educational Networking (CREN), another work of the National Science Foundation.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, 56Kbps CSNET, 1.544Mbps (T1) NSFNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 28,174

    Soon after the completion of the T1 NSFNET backbone, traffic increased so quickly that plans immediately began on upgrading the network again.
    Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET, 56Kbps CSNET, 1.544Mbps (T1) NSFNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 56,000

    Merit, IBM and MCI formed a not for profit corporation called ANS, Advanced Network & Services, which was to conduct research into high speed networking. It soon came up with the concept of the T3, a 45 Mbps line. NSF quickly adopted the new network and by the end of
    1991 all of its sites were connected by this new backbone.

    While the T3 lines were being constructed, the Department of Defense disbanded the ARPANET and it was replaced by the NSFNET backbone. The original 50Kbs lines of ARPANET were taken out of service.

    Tim Berners-Lee and CERN in Geneva implements a hypertext system to provide efficient information access to the members of the international high-energy physics community.
    Backbones: 56Kbps CSNET, 1.544Mbps (T1) NSFNET, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 313,000

    CSNET (which consisted of 56Kbps lines) was discontinued having fulfilled its important early role in the provision of academic networking service. A key feature of CREN is that its operational costs are fully met through dues paid by its member organizations.

    The NSF established a new network, named NREN, the National Research and Education Network. The purpose of this network is to conduct high speed networking research. It was not to be used as a commercial network, nor was it to be used tosend a lot of the data that the Internet now transfers.
    Backbones: Partial 45Mbps (T3) NSFNET, a few private backbones, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 617,000

    Internet Society is chartered.

    World-Wide Web released by CERN.

    NSFNET backbone upgraded to T3 (44.736Mbps)
    Backbones: 45Mbps (T3) NSFNET, private interconnected backbones consisting mainly of 56Kbps, 1.544Mbps, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 1,136,000

    InterNIC created by NSF to provide specific Internet services: directory and database services (by AT&T), registration services (by Network Solutions Inc.), and information services (by General Atomics/CERFnet).

    Marc Andreessen and NCSA and the University of Illinois develops a graphical user interface to the WWW, called "Mosaic for X".
    Backbones: 45Mbps (T3) NSFNET, private interconnected backbones consisting mainly of 56Kbps, 1.544Mbps, and 45Mpbs lines, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 2,056,000

    No major changes were made to the physical network. The most significant thing that happened was the growth. Many new networks were added to the NSF backbone.Hundreds of thousands of new hosts were added to the INTERNET during this time period.

    Pizza Hut offers pizza ordering on its Web page.

    First Virtual, the first cyberbank, opens.

    ATM (Asynchronous Transmission Mode, 145Mbps) backbone is installed on NSFNET.
    Backbones: 145Mbps (ATM) NSFNET, private interconnected backbones consisting mainly of 56Kbps, 1.544Mbps, and 45Mpbs lines, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 3,864,000

    The National Science Foundation announced that as of April 30, 1995 it would no longer allow direct access to the NSF backbone. The National Science Foundationcontracted with four companies that would be providers of access to the NSF backbone (Merit). These companies would then sell connections to groups, organizations, and companies.

    $50 annual fee is imposed on domains, excluding .edu and .gov domains which are still funded by the National Science Foundation.
    Backbones: 145Mbps (ATM) NSFNET (now private), private interconnected backbones consisting mainly of 56Kbps, 1.544Mbps, 45Mpbs, 155Mpbs lines in construction, plus satellite and radio connections - Hosts: 6,642,000

    [Edited on 13-1-2005 by JcMinJapan]
  3. DreamLandMafia

    DreamLandMafia Premium Member

    You forgot the part with Al Gore. :D
  4. helenheaven

    helenheaven Premium Member

    Yeah, thanks Al for inventing the internet, much appreciated, have been known to use it from time to time!

    Seriously, the phenomenon that is the internet must be the most crucial and world changing event in our lifetimes....

    It has revolutionised evrything. How we communicate, how we work, how we send and receive information, even how we meet people!

    The fundamental changes made to society cannot be underestimated.

    Yeah, so thanks again Al!
  5. JcMinJapan

    JcMinJapan Premium Member

    Here are some more dates that I could find to bring us closer to 2005.


    The number of Internet hosts breaks 9 million.
    Larry Page and Sergey Brin begin work on a search engine called BackRub, named for its unique ability to analyze the 'back links' pointing to a given website. The search engine was soon renamed 'Google', and Google Inc. opened its doors on September 7, 1998.

    February 10th
    United Stated Public Law 104-106 directs ARPA to change its name to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).

    MCI upgrades its backbone to 622Mbps.

    The number of Internet hosts breaks 16 million.

    The 2000th RFC titled 'Internet Official Protocol Standards' is released.
    March 6th

    The Bonny View Cottage Furniture company registers the one millionth Internet domain name (bonnyview.com) at 12:07:51 pm.

    July 17th

    December 22nd
    The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) begins operation.

    February 6th
    The International Telecommunication Union announces that technical standards have been agreed upon for the V.90 protocol used in 56K modems.

    May 4th
    The two millionth domain name (voyagerstravel.com) is registered.
    June 29th

    The Gigabit Ethernet Alliance announces that the IEEE has ratified 802.3z as the Gigabit Ethernet standard.

    October 26th
    The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) if formed and establishes it's initial board of directors.

    November 6th
    The three millionth domain name (lizzybee.com) is registered.
    November 24th

    America Online, Inc. announces that it would acquire Netscape Communications Corporation in a stock transaction valued at $4.2 billion.

    Online retailers rack up 5.3 billion in sales.

    March 9th
    The four millionth domain name (riedelglass.com) is registered.
    March 26th

    May 29th
    The five millionth domain name (believeinkids.com) is registered.

    ISOC approves the formation of the Internet Societal Task Force (ISTF), Vint Cerf serves as first chair. The organization was originally proposed by Sascha Ignjatovic to address societal issues and concerns relating to the Internet.


    304 million people have internet access.

    The ten millionth domain name is registered.

    November 16th
    ICANN selects seven new top level domain names: .aero, .biz, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .pro
  6. JcMinJapan

    JcMinJapan Premium Member

    Can someone get me a date when Al jotted down the plans for the internet on his coffee napkin or whatever he used? :lol:
  7. JcMinJapan

    JcMinJapan Premium Member

    This is from the Internet Society . They do not specifically mention Al Gore, but he may have had coffee with them at the time and just did not want to have his name on the napkin..... ;)

    The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R. Licklider of MIT in August 1962 discussing his "Galactic Network" concept. He envisioned a globally interconnected set of computers through which everyone could quickly access data and programs from any site. In spirit, the concept was very much like the Internet of today. Licklider was the first head of the computer research program at DARPA, 4 starting in October 1962. While at DARPA he convinced his successors at DARPA, Ivan Sutherland, Bob Taylor, and MIT researcher Lawrence G. Roberts, of the importance of this networking concept.

    Leonard Kleinrock at MIT published the first paper on packet switching theory in July 1961 and the first book on the subject in 1964. Kleinrock convinced Roberts of the theoretical feasibility of communications using packets rather than circuits, which was a major step along the path towards computer networking. The other key step was to make the computers talk together. To explore this, in 1965 working with Thomas Merrill, Roberts connected the TX-2 computer in Mass. to the Q-32 in California with a low speed dial-up telephone line creating the first (however small) wide-area computer network ever built. The result of this experiment was the realization that the time-shared computers could work well together, running programs and retrieving data as necessary on the remote machine, but that the circuit switched telephone system was totally inadequate for the job. Kleinrock's conviction of the need for packet switching was confirmed.
  8. helenheaven

    helenheaven Premium Member

    Al Gore \"invented the internet\" - resources

    okay, click the link below for all you need on this story (and the debunking of it)

    GORE: Well, I will be offering -- I'll be offering my vision when my campaign begins. And it will be comprehensive and sweeping. And I hope that it will be compelling enough to draw people toward it. I feel that it will be.

    But it will emerge from my dialogue with the American people. I've traveled to every part of this country during the last six years. During my service in the United States Congress, I took the initiative in creating the Internet. I took the initiative in moving forward a whole range of initiatives that have proven to be important to our country's economic growth and environmental protection, improvements in our educational system.

    visit: Al Gore "invented the Internet" - resources