Archaeology Ancient earth Drawing in Peru

Discussion in 'Archaeology' started by mscbkc070904, Feb 28, 2005.

  1. mscbkc070904

    mscbkc070904 Premium Member

    Since this will be the spotlight of the month, kick it off with this new report found on Yahoo.

    LIMA, Peru - Archaeologists have discovered a group of giant figures scraped into the hills of Peru's southern coastal desert that are believed to predate the country's famed Nazca lines.

    About 50 figures were etched into the earth over an area roughly 90 square miles near the city of Palpa, 220 miles southeast of Lima, El Comercio newspaper reported.

    The drawings — which include human figures as well as animals such as birds, monkeys, and felines — are believed to be created by members of the Paracas culture sometime between 600 and 100 B.C., Johny Islas, the director of the Andean Institute of Archaeological Studies, told the newspaper.

    One prominent figure appears to represent a deity commonly depicted on textiles and ceramics from the period, Islas said.

    The recently discovered designs predate the country's famous Nazca lines, which have mystified scientists and were added to the United Nation's Cultural Heritage list in 1994.

    The Nazca lines — which also include pictographs of various animals — cover a 35-mile stretch of desert some 250 miles south of Lima and are one of Peru's top tourist attractions. The Nazca culture flourished between 50 B.C. and 600 A.D., Islas said.

    The lines, thousands of them in all, were made by clearing darker rocks on the desert surface to expose lighter soil underneath.

    Research more on the Nazca Lines so we have a better understanding of the relation is.
  2. mscbkc070904

    mscbkc070904 Premium Member

    The Nazca Lines are an engima. No one know who had built them or indeed why. Since their discovery, the Nazca Lines have inspired fantastic explanations from ancient gods, a landing strip for returning aliens, a celestial calendar, used for rituals probably related to astronomy, to confirm the ayllus or clans who made up the population and to determine through ritual their economic functions held up by reciprocity and redistribution or, a map of underground water supplies

    Heres the link to the Nasca Lines and the history with photos.
  3. mscbkc070904

    mscbkc070904 Premium Member

    Paracas culture is the archaeological term for a contemporary culture of Chavin on the southern coast of Peru. The Paracas are mostly known for fabulous textiles, found on mummies preserved from the time of the Early Horizon culture (ca 900 BC-AD 400) until today.
  4. mscbkc070904

    mscbkc070904 Premium Member

    Paracas Mummies

    Where were they found

    Mummification in South America was also practiced in the fishing village of Paracas. More than 429 human mummy bundles have been found there, as well as bundles containing parrots, foxes, dogs, cats, frogs, and deer.

    When were they made

    They apparently date from around 400 B.C. However, not all archaeologists agree that these mummies were intentionally made.

    How were they made

    In Paracas, bodies were put into "mummy bundles" before they were interred in a large underground necropolis, or burial chamber. They were placed in a seated position and bound tightly with cord. Then they were covered with cotton cloth and wrapped with brightly decorated fabric. Finally, the body was placed in a coiled basket and taken to the necropolis.

    What's special about them

    1. Archaeologists have concluded that when the person was important in the community, more layers of fabric were used to wrap the body. In one case, writes the author Georgess McHargue, the was four yards wide and twenty-two yards long. This cloth was woven by hand, so a great deal of painstaking work was involved in its production.

    2. Did the citizens of Paracas intend to make mummies? Some archaeologists believe that mummification occurred through a natural drying process. Others believe that resins were used to prepare the bodies. But until further studies take place and the results are compared, no one will know for certain.